Demonetisation by Stealth
The demonetisation of 2016 introduced the ₹2000 currency note. And ever since there has been talk of a second demonetisation that takes away this high denomination note from circulation. This talk has almost always been dismissed by Government and the RBI.
And that is because, demonetisation by stealth is already underway. The number of ₹2000 currency notes in circulation has fallen by over 25% in the last 3 years. The share of ₹2000 denomination note in total currency in circulation has fallen by a third to 17% as of March-2021 from 50% at the peak in March-2017.
This is being achieved by withholding the supply of new ₹2000 currency notes even as existing ones go out of circulation as they get spoiled or damaged. In the last 2 years not a single new ₹2000 currency note has been issued. And in the year before that, less than 50m fresh notes were issued. This clearly is a conscious policy decision.
As existing ₹2000 notes continue to get soiled and damaged, they will come back to RBI which will in lieu issue lower denomination notes. So, the number of ₹2000 notes will over time continue to shrink even as currency in circulation continues to expand. The ₹2000 note will thus de-facto get demonetised though not de-jure.